Mar

25

Science impact in modern society 0 Reply

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Un Dialogue Café, organisé par les associations AGRAFr et Cap Magellan, s’est déroulé le 25 mars dernier, sur le thème de « L’impact de la science et des scientifiques dans la société actuelle », entre les villes de Paris et de Lisbonne. Ce Dialogue Café a permis de réfléchir sur le rôle des scientifiques dans la société actuelle et l’influence que celle-ci peut avoir sur leurs travaux.  Parmi les quelques questions soulevées : de quelle manière la science et la société s’influencent-t-elles? Quelle est la responsabilité des scientifiques à l’égard de la société civile? Quelle importance donner à la communication liée à la science pour que celle-ci soit comprise par la société civile et par les gouvernants ?

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Graça Raposo, directrice adjointe de l’unitĂ© « Compartimentation et dynamique cellulaires »  Ă  l’Institut Curie, prĂ©sente Ă  Paris, souligne l’impact effectif que les scientifiques peuvent avoir sur la sociĂ©tĂ©. Pour elle, le scientifique doit ĂŞtre toujours attentif aux problèmes de la sociĂ©tĂ© dans laquelle il vit : les maladies, l’enjeu essentiel de l’augmentation de l’espĂ©rance de vie, comme c’est son cas au sein de l’Institut Curie. Il faut qu’il ait constamment Ă  l’esprit l’idĂ©e d’un certain progrès vers lequel il faut tendre en matière d’innovation des traitements actuels et de ce qui se fait dĂ©jĂ . Mais pour que cette innovation soit possible, nous devons faire de la recherche fondamentale, mĂŞme si elle ne peut pas fournir des rĂ©sultats immĂ©diats, ils  seront cruciaux pour la mise en Ĺ“uvre de nouveaux traitements.

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Miguel Prudêncio, en direct de Lisbonne, ajoute que l’exagération véhiculée par les médias, qui pensent que tout est à portée des scientifiques, est totalement fausse. Ainsi, le scientifique doit faire bien attention à chaque mot qu’il emploie et à l’information qu’il transmet, tout comme à l’information qui va être ensuite utilisée par le journaliste en question. Lui qui travaille dans le domaine de la malaria, à l´Institut de Médecine Moléculaire (IMM) à Lisbonne, est constamment confronté à des informations qui circulent dans les médias et qui créent de fausses joies, concernant la création de nouveaux vaccins, par exemple. Il n’y a à ce jour aucun vaccin pour combattre la malaria.

« Le public ne croit plus en la science. On me demande souvent : Ă  quoi sert la science si tant de personnes meurent ? », affirme Bruno Silva Santos (IMM, Lisbonne), qui Ă©tudie les mĂ©canismes de dĂ©veloppement, d’activation et de rĂ©gulation des lymphocytes T, afin de trouver de nouvelles dĂ©fenses contre certains cancers et maladies auto-immunes. Il dĂ©finit le « monde idĂ©al » comme un monde oĂą l’honnĂŞtetĂ© et l’éthique de la part des journalistes comme des scientifiques seraient le mot d’ordre, et la culture scientifique du public serait suffisante pour qu’il n’y ait pas besoin de traduction. Une façon d’aborder ce problème de communication passe par la crĂ©ation de bureaux de communication au sein des instituts de recherche, quelque chose qui se produit dĂ©jĂ  dans certains d’entre eux.

João Caraça, directeur de la Fondation Calouste Gulbenkian à Paris, affirme que depuis ses cinquante dernières années, l’essor des nouvelles technologies scientifiques, a fait sortir la science de l’espace universitaire vers l’espace public. Le problème de la communication entre le milieu scientifique et la sphère publique est, au fond, une question de traduction d’un langage spécialisé vers un langage commun. « Avant, pour faire de la science, il suffisait de savoir compter, maintenant, il faut savoir communiquer et expliquer. » C’est difficile de faire comprendre au public qu’il existe des « controverses scientifiques », des rebondissements, que tout n’est jamais figé et sûr, contrairement aux idées reçues. Le monde idéal serait celui où la communication serait transparente.

 

 

Mar

20

Military Ethics in Drones Era and Cyber Warfare 0 Reply

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“Military Ethics in an Age of Drones and Cyber Warfare”, with CWRU Professor, Shannon E. French (photo below), has been the topic of a Dialogue Cafe debate between Lisbon and Cleveland. Portuguese and american experts joined to discuss the ethics of the use of modern and emerging technologies in warfare, from killer drones to computer viruses to armed, autonomous robots. All exchanged opinions, experiences and researches, trying to answer questions like : Can the classic conventions of the just war tradition that guide international law keep pace with the changing face of war? Many other topics have been debated during a very interesting and challenging session.

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Feb

24

What Really Matters 0 Reply

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Special session between Lisbon, Madrid and Oporto, to introduce the national and international speakers who will participate in the 1st Congress O Que de Verdade Importa (What Really Matters), in Lisbon, on the 14th of March. www.oquedeverdadeimporta.org

Maria Belon, Tsunami Survivor in Southeast Asia in 2004, attended this session, but also Bento Amaral, sailing world champion, which became a quadriplegic at age 25, and Semedo Johnson, a former inmate who created a football academy to rescue young people from crime. It was a session with great impact in the audience, in which participated journalists from radio, TV and newspapers to interview the protagonists of the Congress. The Dialogue Cafe is a platform that can also be very useful in this way. That is, not only to be used as a meeting place, but also as a tool for media.

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Feb

8

World Interfaith Harmony Week: DC supports Syrian students 0 Reply

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The World Interfaith Harmony Week (WIHW) has been promoted by some of the world’s most influential people and its goal has been to be a completely decentralized initiative.Dialogue Cafe had its first WIHW event on the 8th of February, with a session hosted by Lisbon, where a large and ecumenic group of participants (including the leaders of the main religions) matched with peers from Lebanon and France. Lisbon was connected to Beirute and Paris, where different representatives of different faiths debated different points of view.Since in Portugal a group leaded by former President Jorge Sampaio have been working in developing a Global Platform For Syrian Students, ie a mechanism to provide Syrian Students with scholarships and academic opportunities to resume their studies, all the participants in this session where challenged to commit themselves to this cause.Portugal already received about 40 Syrian students for the Spring Term, and the idea is to raise awareness and funds to bring more students. This Platform has been very successful in securing place with tuition fees waivers in many universities in around 8 countries and this is why former President Sampaio, who every year promotes an activity linked to the UN resolution (that creates the World Interfaith Harmony Week each February ) decided this year to organize an event linking LISBON-PARIS-BEIRUT  to try to match “words with deeds” and  therefore challenge the participants to make a commitment to contribute to the creation of a “World Interfaith harmony Week”  that this year should be to support Syrian students.

President Sampaio hosted this global conversation and in the end of the session a large majority of the participants really commited themselves with this goal.

 

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Jan

13

Students From Nova School of Business and Economics, Lisboa 0 Reply

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Multiple sessions between Portuguese students of Management at Nova SBE and Deema Mimi, from the Youth Council in Ramallah, and Zeina Soudi, Manager at Dialogue Cafe, on issues related to learning and training skills in communication, since both were speakers at TEDx Aveiro in June 2013.

Deema Mimi and Zeina Soudi had to learn to stand on stage to communicate to audiences of hundreds of people, and sharing this experience was important for the dozens of students from the Communication, Leadership and Ethics course, who came to Dialogue Cafe. Naturally all discussed the political and social issues related to the daily lives of Palestinians and these topics were of great interest for Portuguese students.

 

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Jan

4

Ubuntu Academy leaders and students meet lebanese and syrian peers 0 Reply

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Experimental session between portuguese Ubuntu Academy students and leaders, and David Munir, the Dialogue Cafe Manager in Beirut, Lebanon. This session was very lively and the discussion was very illuminating, since dozens of Portuguese students came to Dc in Lisbon.

In Lebanon was a Syrian journalist, correspondent for the Washington Post, who gave his testimony as a freelance journalist forced to live in exile in Beirut. After the session all these students had a lecture on the political issues in the Middle East, and particularly in countries like Lebanon, Syria and Palestine

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Hi, I'm interested on this conversation. Munari and Calvino are two of my favourite personalities. Is maybe possible to listen it or view a video on web? Many thanks from the original Venice.
Nicola on 2013.10.04